Some people are born with skeletal problems that prevent them from biting normally either in the form of an under-bite, an over-bite or an open bite. Due to this severe malocclusion, the deformity can cause difficulties with breathing and chewing food properly, which might affects digestion, speech problems, headaches as well as joint pain.
Oral hygiene is easy to maintain without bad bites and crooked teeth. Speech or masticatory problems due to jaw disharmonies may be resolved by realigning the jaw using either orthodontic devices or orthognathic surgery. Hence the relationship of the jaw bones is harmonized, thus improving facial appearance and profile, and of course, the lasting reward is a healthier and happier you!
Orthognathic surgery or corrective jaw surgery is a treatment to correct a wide range of minor and major skeletal and dental irregularities, including the misalignment of jaws and teeth to correct conditions of the jaw and face related to structure, growth, sleep apnea, TMJ disorders, malocclusion problems owing to skeletal disharmonies, or other orthodontic problems that cannot be easily treated with braces.
This treatment is done by doing reposition either the upper, lower, or both jaws, in individuals who have a large discrepancy between the size of the jaws in relation to each other, or in whom the jaws are abnormally positioned in relation to the base of skull. It is performed in collaboration between an oral and maxillofacial surgeon and an orthodontist. Orthognatic surgery is a predictable treatment option to complex dental/facial problems to ensure the best possible results, both functionally and esthetically.
Orthognathic Surgery is not intended to replace orthodontics for straightening the teeth when the relationship of the jaw is within the normal range. It is important to understand that the treatment, which will probably include orthodontics before and after surgery, may take several years to complete. When treatment is successfully done, it can improve chewing, speaking, breathing, even dramatically enhances patient’s appearance.
The followings are some of the conditions that may indicate the need for corrective jaw surgery:
- Difficulty chewing, or biting food
- Difficulty swallowing
- Chronic jaw or jaw joint (TMJ) pain and headache
- Excessive wear of the teeth
- Open bite (space between the upper and lower teeth when the mouth is closed)
- Unbalanced facial appearance from the front, or side
- Facial injury
- Birth defects
- Receding lower jaw and chin
- Protruding jaw
- Inability to make the lips meet without straining
- Chronic mouth breathing
- Sleep apnea (breathing problems when sleeping, including snoring)