Dentures, also known as false teeth, are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth; they are supported by the surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. Conventional dentures whether it is partial or complete are removable. If you’ve lost all of your natural teeth, whether from gum disease, tooth decay or injury, replacing missing teeth with dentures can help fill out the appearance of your face, your profile as well as your health. When you lose all of your teeth, facial muscles can sag, making you look older.
Advances in dentistry have made many improvements in dentures, as they are more natural looking and comfortable than they used to be. Today there are many different denture designs which rely on bonding or clasping onto teeth or dental implants, also known as fixed prosthodontics.
Partial denture can be used when some, but not all of the teeth are missing. It hooks around the remaining teeth with clasps and may require minor preparation of these teeth to better accept the partial denture. Valplast partials, acrylic partials, and metal framework partials are examples of these and may be preferred depending on each individuals circumstances.
Complete dentures replace all the teeth in the mouth or specific arch (upper or lower). Although none can replace natural dentition perfectly, dentures may greatly improve the quality of life and ability to eat (mastication) and speak.
New dentures may feel awkward for a few weeks until you become accustomed to them. The dentures may feel loose while the muscles of your cheek and tongue learn to keep them in place. It is common to experience minor irritation or soreness and have an increase in saliva flow temporarily. As your mouth becomes accustomed to the dentures, these problems will go away.
Over time, your mouth will change and your dentures may need to be adjusted or replaced in order to cope with the changing structure of the jaws as time passes. Hence, in order to maximize the comfort and fit of the denture for each individual patient, it may require a series of dental visit with your prosthodontist to handle these adjustments
Even if you wear full dentures, you still have to practice good dental hygiene :
- Brush your gums, tongue and roof of your mouth every morning with a soft-bristled brush to help reduce the risk of oral irritation and bad breath.
- Rinse your dentures before brushing to remove any loose food or debris, and
- Brush your dentures using a soft bristle toothbrush and a non-abrasive cleanser daily to remove food particles and plaque.
- When you’re not wearing your dentures, put them in a safe place covered in water to keep them from warping.